Русскоязычный заголовок: Малайзия. Оказание услуг в сфере инжиниринга
Малайзія. Надання послуг у сфері інжинірингу (англ.)
Engineering Supporting Industry
Malaysia's engineering supporting industries, which include the moulds and dies, machining, metal stamping, casting, heat treatment and plating/surface treatment industries, have developed rapidly over the last three decades in tandem with the overall growth of the country's manufacturing sector.
To-date, Malaysia is recognised internationally for its capabilities and quality production in diverse range of engineering activities. It has a good network of engineering supporting industries capable of meeting the needs of OEMs in supplying parts and components and the provision of precision engineering services globally.
Over the past five years, outsourcing has matured as a trend, and Malaysia's engineering supporting industry is benefitting from this trend. Malaysia is a major outsourcing destination for MNCs in the E&E, automotive, machinery manufacturing, oil & gas, aerospace, medical, defense and photovoltaic industries.
Malaysia is at present encouraging companies to position themselves to become ‘One Stop Centres' providing total solutions to customers. These ‘One Stop Centres' would offer integrated services from product conception to serial production and manage the entire processes including procurement, logistics, packaging, testing and certification.
Moulds and Dies
The moulds and dies sector is the leading engineering supporting industry in the country. There are about 400 companies currently employing some 14,000 workers of which 50% are in the skilled and professional categories.
Malaysia's moulds and dies companies have the capabilities to fabricate most types of moulds, dies and toolings to cater to the diverse tooling needs of the manufacturing sector.
Currently, 40% of moulds and dies produced caters toward the electrical and electronics industries, while 27% of the output is for the plastics industry.
The moulds and dies industry in Malaysia has immense potential for growth and it is estimated to cater for 60% of the local market demand.
Future growth in the industry will focus mainly on the production of high precision and complex toolings for the electrical and electronics sector, while large moulds would be for the automotive components industry.
The machining industry in Malaysia can be classified into two categories:
1) Companies which provide machining services to other industries on a jobbing basis.
2) Companies which produce precision machined parts such as jigs & fixtures, turned parts, shafts, pins, bushes and other machined components.
Presently, there are over 170 companies in operation, providing specialized precision machining services and general supporting machining services to meet the demand of the local manufacturing sector.
Some of these highly integrated machining solution providers can work to machining tolerances as low as 1 to 5 microns. Turning diameters range from as low as 1mm to about 550mm.
Most of these companies possess state-of-the-art machining centres with milling capabilities on products sizes of up to 0.6 m3 and some have the capabilities of machining minute precision gears and shafts for watches, clocks and cameras.
A number of these highly capable machining companies have also diversified their activities into the design and manufacture of automation systems and equipment mainly for the semiconductor, electrical and electronics industries.
The fast pace of development in the electrical & electronics, machinery manufacturing and automotive industries in Malaysia will increase the demand for machined parts and components as well as machining services.
The metal stamping industry is an established industry in Malaysia with over 300 companies supplying stamped/pressed parts to the automotive, electrical & electronics, machinery & equipment and precision measuring & testing equipment industries.
The industry is growing and developing towards high speed stamping and into the manufacture of higher precision and miniaturized parts. Some of the large companies are capable of stamping parts to a precision tolerance of between 5-10 microns.
The die-casting sector is a major supplier of components for the electrical, electronics, automotive and telecommunications industries. There are presently more than 60 companies in operation.
About 50% of the die-castings produced in Malaysia cater for the needs of companies producing computers, computer peripherals, cameras and home electrical appliances, while another 30% is for the production of automotive components.
Malaysia's plating/surface treatment sector, comprising over 40 companies, has the capabilities to undertake various precision processes such as batch and continuous electroplating, precision electroplating, electroless plating, functional electroplating, cathodic electrodeposit, dacrotised treatment, phosphating, passivation, anodizing, chromating, electroplating for the semiconductor industry including integrated circuits and lead frames, sinter plating and physical vapour deposition.
The increasing demand for plating/surface treatment services in the electrical, electronics, automotive and machinery component industries has created opportunities for new ventures.
Malaysia encourages the establishment of modern plating plants to complement the country's rapid industrial development and to address environmental concerns linked to the plating industry.
There are about 20 companies in Malaysia offering heat treatment services in continuous mesh-belt heat treatment, carburising, carbonitriding, nitriding, nitro-carburising, vacuum hardening, quenching, annealing, normalising and tempering for a diverse range of steel manufactured products.
Being an essential service for most metal-based industries, the heat treatment sector is expected to grow in tandem with the rapid development of the machinery and equipment, mould and die, iron and steel secondary products, and automotive component industries.